How to Improve Your English Pronunciation

Pronunciation plays an important role in your life. Do you often hear people saying “Can you say that again?”

In what manner and periods do you overhear this when you’re communicating? Also if your terminology and English linguistic rules are flawless, it can still be problematic for individuals to comprehend you sinceyour pronunciation is not clear.

Articulating English words correctly can be one of the toughest parts of learning English.

The English semantic has some sounds that your inborn language might nothave.

So we have few guidelines for you, to help you pronounce superior.

Absorb to listen.

Beforehand you acquire how to communicate; you’ll want to learn how to listen. Certain sounds can be tough to tell apart when you’re paying attention. You need to be an active and attentive listener to speak well.

The stronger you get at earshot words, the better you will become at phonating them.

2. Observe  how your mouth and lips move.

While speaking, you move your mouth. How you move your mouth will certify how you pronounce a word.

The first step to correcting your mouth shape is to notice it and pay attention. Few ways you can notice that your mouth and lips are producing the correct shape:

Use a mirror. This is the best way to tell what your mouth is doing while you chat.

Put a finger in front of your lips (like you’re saying “shh”).

While you state, don’t move your finger. You should feel your lips touching away from or forceful against your finger.

Lookout at others mouth when they are speaking, notice the shape their mouth and lips make when they talk.

3. Pay heed to your tongue.

The foremost dissimilarity between rice and lice is in your tongue.

Subsequently when you speak, you move your tongue to make sounds. You probably didn’t even notice that, since you do it deprived of discerning. To improve your English pronunciation, it’s a good idea to check what your tongue is doing.

4. Apply  stress to sounds and words.

English is a hassled linguistic. That means some words and sounds are more important than others. You can hear this when you say a word out loud.

For example, the word “present” is pronounced with a stress at the end, so it sounds like this: “Pre-Sent.”

Sometimes where you put the stress in a word can change the word’s meaning. Say this word out loud: “present.” If you said “PREsent,” you are talking about a noun that means either “right this moment” or “a gift.” If you said “preSENT,” you are talking about a verb that means “to give or show.”

Here’s one moresample: the noun “ADDress” is the place where you live, and the verb “addRESS” is to speak to someone.

With enough practice, you can get what sounds right too.

5. Record yourself.

Another way to speak is that you record yourself with a camera. Use a camera and not just a sound recorder because it’s important to see how you speak, not only hear it.

Expressions while speaking play an important role.

Want to create the perfect resume?

In spite of having the appropriate knowledge/experience, additional accomplishments and decent results the competition may help one stand out, a below par designed resume will, too but for the incorrect cause

Your resume can make or break your probabilities of landing at an interview, and it isn’t so challenging to put a noble one together.

 These tips should be kept in mind to ensure you create a perfect resume that does justice to the hard work you have put in over the years:

Crosscheck for typographical and structural mistakes

Resume, build resume, tips to build the perfect resume, perfect resume, cv, employers, employee

Decent grammar is a must However, while enlisting and modifying it, you are expected to go over your resume a few times and you may miss out on errors since the content has become familiar to you.

Moreover, one of the greatest elementary yet usually made – a mistake is to leave a obvious typographical blunder or typo in your resume. While this may not make companies think that you aren’t qualified or skilled enough for the job, it does have the prospective to high point a lack of consideration to detail.

To evade these errors, in addition to a spell-check on your computer, ask your friends to go through your resume and make recommendations. Spell-check often misses out on grammar and other blunders which can be found physically.

Distinguish the content and ensure it flows well

Folks frequently make the blunder of thinking that modifying the resume to suit the role means adding lines from the job description. This is far from the truth.

Why someone would want to see a copy-pasted description of the same thing they have put up to hunt for you.

In its place, to distinguish your resume, you mustpay attention on citing the significance you can add with your services, along with anything exceptional you have worked on in the past that is pertinent in terms of the job you are applying for.

Also, keep in mind that it is best to declare  your most recent experience first. This is likely to be the most advanced level of work, or the latest bit of skill development, that you have engaged in.

Check that the formatting is consistent

Though there are numerous features that make an impressive resume, bad formatting can undo all that hard work at a glimpse! The manner you present your resume matters.

Hence, if you are not going into a inventive field, you should ensure you maintain the same font through out – colors and styles too, only keeping headlines and subheads distinct.

Additionally, take care of the margins.

Straight forwardness is the key, particularly now that many establishments are using bots to screen resume beforehand they decide whether or not a HR member must have a look.

. One page fits all – Keep the resume crisp and according to your experience

The normal resume should be limited to a single page unless you have end numbers of experience, in that case it can be extended to two pages.

Employers receive hundreds of applications for the same job and, at best, are likely to scan through your resume for a few minutes.

You should be able to recapitulate each role or project with a couple of key points to highlight your contribution.

Add only what is appropriate and avoid the rest

If you do feel like providing additional roles and information, you can take to professional platforms such as LinkedIn.

How to TEMPERATURE Effect in Commercial Pilot Training

For a PPL, CPL & ATPL aspirants who wants to become a good pilot, during flying prior to departure or enroute, earth atmosphere plays a vital role for safety of the aircraft. To ensure this, pilot has to be well versant with earth atmosphere & other topics related to aviation meteorology. At Gracious Avatar during commercial pilot training classes for PPL, CPL & ATPL aspirants, meteorology will be covered by the expert ground instructors. Temperature is one of the important topics which would be covered during CPL pilot training.


  1. Temperature is a measure of heat.
  • It is measured by means of thermometer in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit. These scales are arbitrarily fixed with reference to the melting point of ice and the boiling point of pure water at normal pressure. On the Celsius scale these are respectively as 0⁰ C and 100⁰ C and in Fahrenheit scale as 32⁰ F and 212⁰ F. Celsius scale is used internationally, in aviation and science. Use of Fahrenheit scale is confined to English- speaking countries only.
  • Heat is a form of energy. As heat is extracted from a substance, its internal energy is reduced and the random motion of its molecules slows down. The molecules get arranged in a more orderly pattern than before. As more heat is extracted the cooling and orderliness increases. Finally a state is reached when no more heat can be extracted and the molecules reach their maximum orderliness and the molecular motion almost ceases. The lowest temperature is reached. This minimum temperature is the same for all substances, and is accordingly called the absolute zero (K). 1K=-273.16 ⁰ C.

Conversion to C, F & K

  1. F= 9C/5 + 32
  2. C= 5/9 (F-32)
  3. K= C+ 273
  4. Note that -40 ⁰ C = -40 ⁰ F


Instruments for Measurement

  1. Dry Bulb Thermometer, Wet Bulb Thermometer (the bulb is covered with a muslin cloth which is kept moist), Maximum Thermometer (like doctors Thermometer), Minimum Thermometer and Thermograph, are used for measuring temperature.
  • Mercury is used in thermometers except in Minimum Thermometer in which alcohol is used instead of mercury.
  • In Thermographs and in Upper Air temperature measurement, bi- metallic strips are used.
  • A minimum thermometer has dumbbell shaped iron index, which permits alcohol to pass through it when the temperature rises. When temperature falls the alcohol, which has a conclave meniscus, drags the index back to indicate minimum temperature.
  • Surface temperature is recorded at a height of 4 ft(1.25m) from the ground in shade(inside a Stevenson’s Screen).

Dry Air & Moist Air

  1. Air which has no water vapour content is called dry air. Such air may exist at very high levels. For all practical purposes unsaturated air is called dry air.
  • With water vapour <4 % (RH <100%) air is called unsaturated or dry.
  • With water vapour >4 %(RH 100%) air is called saturated air.


Heat & Temperature

  1. Specific Heat: It is defined as the heat required to raise the temperature of unit mass of a substance by 1⁰C. The specific heat of water, regarded as the highest is 1, that of ice 0.5 and of soil 0.2.
  • Latent Heat: It is defined as the amount of heat absorbed or released during change of phase from/to solid/liquid/vapour. It is absorbed during change from solid to liquid and liquid to gas and released during change of phase from vapour to liquid and liquid to solid.
  • When water changes to vapour, a certain quantity of heat is supplied. To change boiling water into vapour, more than five times as much heat is required as is needed to bring the temperature of ice cold water to a boil. Once the boiling begins, the temperature remains constant and the heat released is stored as latent heat. It is released as latent heat when the water vapour condenses to water.

Heat Transfer Processes

  1. Heat is transferred from one place to the other by conduction, convection and radiation.
  • Conduction: In this Process heat is physically transferred by the molecules by contact. Conduction is important process of heat transfer very close to the ground.
  • Convection: In this process heat is bodily transferred to the colder part of the fluid. As more than 70% of the earth is covered with water, hence the importance of convection.  In the atmosphere free Convection is triggered by intense solar heating and the forced Convection by topography.
  • Radiation: Everybody radiates heat at its temperature. In this process of heat transfer the medium is neither affected nor required. The solar radiation directly heats up the earth without affecting the atmosphere.
  • Other Methods: Advection, Latent Heat release, Turbulence, Up and downward motion of air are the other methods of heat transfer.

Diurnal Variation of Surface Temperature

  1. Diurnal variation of temperature is more over land areas than over sea/coastal areas.
  • Sea Surface temperature shows an average variation from day to night of less than 1⁰C, whereas over land the variation may average as much as 20⁰C.
  • Variation is max when wind is calm.
  • Due to nocturnal cooling the surface temperature continues to fall even after sunrise till a balance is reached between the incoming and outgoing radiation. The balance occurs a little after sunrise.
  • Cloud cover can hamper both cooling and heating.
  • Cloudy nights are warmer than clear nights
  • Cloudy days are less warm than clear days.

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